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Building Smarter Utilities using GIS - Nagpur

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Post #: A38364414
Posted on: 01 October
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Building Smarter Utilities using GIS

GIS collects, models, stores, manipulates, analyzes, retrieves and presents geodata. The key attribute of a GIS is the integration of geometric and thematic attributes of spatial objects. Geometric data describes the precise location of an object within its surrounding environment, while thematic data describes the object’s other attributes.

This blog focuses on how GIS can be used to make utilities like Power distribution, Water distribution and Solid Waste Management smart.

 

GIS as a building block to make utilities smart

The existing cities are bulging with people creating a pressure on its resources and services it offers to them. This has led to the concept of new Smart cities has accommodated to growing urban population. The concept of smart cities is emerging rapidly in recent years with increase in urban population like never before. The concept smart is more user friendly and intelligent. A Smart City adapts itself to the citizen needs and provides customized IT-enabled interfaces to monitor and integrate conditions of all its critical infrastructures, including roads, bridges, tunnels, rails, subways, airports, seaports, communications, water, power, even major buildings, for optimizing its resources. This can further be extended to plan preventive maintenance activities and monitor security aspects while maximizing services to its citizens

GIS plays a vital role in making these elements smart. GIS has evolved significantly over the years with contribution from information technology, remote sensing etc. to a rapidly expanding primary technology for understanding our planet and related geospatial opportunities to foster a sustainable world.

·         Reduce waste of water or energy resources

·         Check inflow and infiltration of rainwater and groundwater into sewer systems

·         Improve emergency responses to leaks, breaks and downed power lines

·         And much more…

 

Utilities and role of GIS to make them Smart

Efficient use of GIS technology gives smart touch to utilities. Being smart means building and acting on business intelligence with minimal user interaction. With the help of GIS, all components in utilities can be summarized in terms of hardware and software which can manage the utility efficiently. GIS allows information collection and processing, real-time alert, forecasting, learning, collective intelligence and distributed problem solving aspect which gives the smart touch to utility operation. GIS gives exact idea about location and on-field situation helping utilities to take proper action with proper expertise to tackle problems. 

 

Smart Grid for Power Distribution

 

Power Utilities already bank on GIS to manage assets, outages and map the location of overhead and underground circuits. Smart Grid is making electric meters smarter and creating a two way communication between customer and utility company. By smart grids company will know when to switch load to avoid possible blackouts. Electric companies will be able to look at various locations for problems, consumption and spare capacity. For a consumer, smart grid can tell about possible power failure due to faulty instruments and can also make them aware about their power consumption.
GIS captures the location of all electrical infrastructures around the area and maps them in digital form. This helps the company to locate their equipment and act fast in case of failures with right crew and equipment at right location. GIS can trace the load requirement and company can act according to it for supplying power. The smart grid is smart enough but GIS will make it more intelligent.
Use of GIS will help power utility to manage data, analyze it and plan and automate its workforce with proper situational awareness to take impacting decisions.

 

Smart Water Management          

 

Water plays an integral part of the urban system as it affects each pillar of the urban society and functionality; sustaining populations, generating energy, supporting tourism and recreational ensuring environmental and human health and fuelling local economic development.Water is both, challenging to manage and increasingly precious. It is a finite resource and increasing population is exerting tremendous pressure on infrastructure and management. With GIS, service providing company can map their water supply infrastructure like pipeline network, valves, inlets and outlets on digital maps. This will give them a visual picture of their network and they can act immediately in case of problem. Smart Water Management for Water Distribution can be achieved by incorporating smart pipes and sensor networks which can sense strain, temperature and pressure anomalies, as well as measure water flow and quality during service, to provide operators with continuous monitoring and inspection features assuring safer water supply distribution. Connecting Smart Pipes with a wireless processor and antenna enables to transfer data directly to a command center, equipping water managers with the tools to detect and locate potential leaks in real time. Smart sensors will also help in monitoring of water quality of surface water as well as treated sewage water within cities without any mismanagement which is normally done manually by sampling.
For metering purposes Smart Electronic meters with Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) can be used to monitor real time water consumption.

 

·         Smart Solid Waste Management

 

Waste is the last unmetered utility. More and more waste is generated with increasing population and management of it, is a big problem. This can be achieved by AWCS (Automatic Waste Collection System) via chute and door-by-door waste collection and segregation for proper dumping and disposing. GIS can play an active part in Landfills location selection, Site assessment of illegal dump sites, routing efficiency for solid waste collection, monitoring the waste pick-up performance. GIS can help in monitoring actual movement and real time position of garbage collection vehicle and analyze bin pick-up status. Conclusion Geographic Information is a key component in knowledge-based policy development through data collection by use of sensor technologies. GIS has emerged from the scientific laboratories, conventional cartographer table into the heart of urban and regional planners, policy makers. It bridges the gap between different sectors and acts as an integrated cross sectoral platform to collect, manage, compile, analyze and visualize geospatial, temporal information for sustainable urban planning, development and management. Integration and use of GIS tools are indispensable to the development and implementation of smart utilities. It is a kind of revolution as its changes so many paradigms particularly in the development model of the city and in its way of governance. GIS is indeed a transformational technology which will certainly contribute to the transformation of utilities to “Smart” utilities

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Building Smarter Utilities using GIS - Nagpur, India - Free Classifieds - Muamat

Building Smarter Utilities using GIS - Nagpur, India - Free Classifieds - Muamat

Building Smarter Utilities using GIS - Nagpur, India - Free Classifieds - Muamat



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